Occupational medicine is the branch of clinical medicine that deals with Occupational Health. While it may involve a wide number of disciplines, it centers on the prevention and management of illness, injury or disability that is related to the workplace.

Occupational Health aims for the promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well being of workers in all occupations.

The most common work-related conditions are musculoskeletal disorders, psychological disorders and noise-induced hearing loss.

Most occupational physicians work in private practice or for independent health services. Some work within industry either employed by companies directly or engaged as contractors.

Specialist training in occupational and environmental medicine is conducted under the auspices of the Australasian Faculty of Occupational and Environmental Medicine of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians. Fellowship of the Faculty is the Australasian specialist qualification (FAFOEM). The Faculty  undertakes continuing education, with  Annual Scientific Meetings.